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Types of panel and frame houses

Conventional frame house (or timber frame)

  • Based around vertical structural members, usually called studs, which provide a stable frame to which interior and exterior wall coverings, are attached.
  • Carpenters employ various forms of diagonal bracing to stabilize walls.
  • Structure usually gains strength after outside wall is attached (usually OSB). Insulation materials (usually mineral wool) are placed inside formed wall.
  • Interior wall covering (plasterboard or OSB) is ready to be attached.

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Premanufactured frame house

  • All framing construction stages needed for conventional frame house are carried out at a factory, so there is no vertical structure built on construction site.
  • As a result, such prefabricated modular house is brought to construction site by panels, and installed within several days.
  • Such mounted frame house is the same as usual frame house, just built in extremely short period.


Structural Insulated Panels (SIP) house

SIP panels are manufactured, brought to construction site and mounted similarly as premanufactured frame house construction.

However the panels themselves have fundamentally different manufacturing technologies.

  • SIP is composite building material, consisting of an insulating layer of rigid polymer foam, or Neopor in our case, sandwiched between two layers of structural board (most common OSB).
  • SIP house will have a tighter building envelope and the walls will have higher insulating properties comparing to the frame houses.
  • SIP can be used for many different applications, such as exterior wall, roof, floor and foundation systems.


What is SIP?

Structural Insulated Panel (SIP) is composite building material consisting of an insulating layer, sandwiched between two layers of structural board (most common OSB).

Structural insulated panels consist of three components:

  • two facings (OSB)
  • an inner core of insulating material
  • the adhesive to bond the facings to the core




Inner core could be made of expanded polystyrene (EPS), extruded polystyrene (XPS), rigid polyurethane foam, or Neopor.

Bakūžė LT panels insulated using Neopor which is superior to its predecessor – conventional EPS, and has 20% better thermal insulation (ONO abbreviation: OSB-Neopor-OSB).



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